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The journal AGRICULTURA (A) publishes scientific works from the following fields: animal science, plant production, farm mechanisation, land management, agricultural economics, ecology, biotechnology, microbiology
ISSN 1581-5439

Anton IVANČIČ and Metka ŠIŠKO
pp. 19-25

Interspecific hybridisation within the genus Phaseolus represents an important source of genetic variation which can be very useful in breeding programmes based on recurrent selection. The aim of this investigation was to analyse the phenotypic variation and relationships among the most important quantitative traits in F2 generation materials derived from crosses P. vulgaris x P. coccineus. P. vulgaris was used as female while P. coccineus as male parent. The F2 material was composed of 825 individuals which originated from open pollination of 65 F1 plants. The most variable quantitative trait
was the number of flowers per inflorescence, which varied from 0 to 57 (CV = 45.8 %). The second was the inflorescence length which varied from 2.5 to 74 cm (CV = 39.0 %). The highest value (CV = 70.4 %) was obtained for floral colour (a qualitative trait which was transformed into a special numerical scale). The correlation analysis showed that there were close relationships among the number of leaves, number of flowers, number of pods, number of seeds and the length of the growth period. For practical breeding, the most useful is probably the correlation between the number of inflorescences and the number of seeds per plant (r = 0.503 and 0.560) because the number of inflorescences can be easily determined at the beginning of the hybridisation period, and the number of seeds is more or less directly associated with the yield. For the final visual selection, at the end of the vegetation period, the most useful trait is the number of pods, which is highly correlated with the number of seeds (r = 0.740 and 0.916).
Agricultura 2: 19-25 (2003)

Key words: interspecific hybrids; Phaseolus vulgaris x P. coccineus; hybridisation technique; phenotypic variation; phenotypic correlation coefficients


Slovenian:

Variabilnost F2 potomcev izvedenih iz medvrstnega križanja Phaseolus vulgaris × P. coccineus

Medvrstna hibridizacija v rodu Phaseolus predstavlja pomemben vir genetske variacije, ki je lahko zelo koristna v žlahtniteljskih programih, ki temeljijo na rekurentni selekciji. Cilj te raziskave je bil analizirati fenotipsko variabilnost in odnose med najpomembnejšimi kvantitativnimi lastnostmi v F2 generaciji, ki izvira iz križanja P. vulgaris x P. coccineus. P. vulgaris je bila uporabljena kot ženska, medtem ko je bila vrsta P. coccineus moška komponenta. F2 Material je obsegal 825 osebkov, ki so dobljeni s pomočjo odprtega opraševanja 65 F1 rastlin. Najbolj variabilna kvantitativna lastnost je bila število cvetov na socvetje, ki se je gibalo med 0 in 57 (CV = 45,8%). Druga po variabilnosti je bila dolžina socvetja, ki je variirala med 2,5 in 74 cm (CV = 39,0%). Najvišja vrednost (CV = 70,4%) je bila izračunana za barvo cveta (kvalitativna lastnost, ki je bila transformirana v numerično skalo). Korelacijska analiza je pokazala, da obstaja povezanost med številom listov, število cvetov, številom strokov, številom semen in dolžino vegetacije. Za praktično žlahtnjenje, je verjetno najbolj uporabna korelacija med številom socvetij in številom semen na rastlino (r = 0,503 in 0,560), saj se število socvetij lahko zelo enostavno določi na začetku obdobja hibridizacije, število semen pa je bolj ali manj neposredno povezano z maso pridelka. Za končni vizualni izbor na koncu obdobja vegetacije, je najbolj uporabna lastnost število strokov, ki je močno povezana s številom semen (r = 0,740 in 0,916).

Ključne besede: medvrstni hibridi / Phaseolus vulgaris x P. coccineus / tehnika hibridizacije / fenotipska variabilnost / fenotipska korelacijska povezanost


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