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Publishing support

Publishing of the journal Agricultura is financially supported by Slovenian Research Agency.

Izdajanje revije Agricultura je finančno podprto s strani Javne agencije za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije.


Our Profile

The journal AGRICULTURA (A) publishes scientific works from the following fields: animal science, plant production, farm mechanisation, land management, agricultural economics, ecology, biotechnology, microbiology
ISSN 1581-5439
Dejan ŠKORJANC, Maksimiljan BRUS, Igor VOJTIC
pp. 26-31

There is a general agreement that the main reason for domestication was to provide a reliable source of food protein. Wild animals were hunted for thousands of years, killed for meat, wool, fur, and liquid by our predecessors. This one-way relationship between humans and animals was changed much later, during domestication and until know, the man took responsibility for animals and changed and developed different production system and ethical relationship with animals. After Second World War, the governments tried to change so called traditional agriculture to more intensive. Animals have been kept in high concentration and for the continuous production as a consequence, disease control became essential. European Union issued a paper on food safety (White Paper on Food Safety 2000) where the EU commission tried to push forward a framework of legislation for further improvement and to develop more transparent and improved quality standards throughout a food chain from farm to table. This paper reviews a number of recent developments, starting with an integrated quality control system that collecting important data from the animal birth, through to the animal rearing phase to the end (i. e. slaughter). The importance of Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) is discussed, together with their concepts to assure safe animal food production.

Key words: animals; chain controlling systems; food safety


Slovenian:

Kratek pregled sistemov kontrole v živinorejski verigi

V preteklosti je bila udomačitev živali izvedena z namenom povečanja oskrbe prebivalstva s proteini. Lov divjih živali je omogočal našim prednikom oskrbo z mesom, volno, krznom in določenim tekočinam. Ta zelo enosmerno usmerjeni tok rabe živali se je kasneje spremenil in človek je prevzel tudi etično odgovornost nad ravnanjem in rabo živali v različnih proizvodnih sistemih. Odločilen trenutek je bil po drugi svetovni vojni, ko države poskušajo zaradi pomanjkanja hrane intenzivirati kmetijsko proizvodnjo. Domače živali so vzrejali v visokih koncentracijah in za izvajanje tovrstne proizvodnje je postala najpomembnejša kontrola bolezni. Evropska unija je posvetila pozornost problematiki varne hrane s publikacijo (White Paper on Food Safety 2000) v kateri želi narediti bolj transparentne in izboljšane kakovostne standarde skozi celo verigo od kmetije do mize. V pričujočem članku se nahaja pregled integriranega sistema kontrole, ki zajema obdobje od rojstva do konca reje (zakola). Prikazana je pomembnost poznavanja in vključevanje HACCP sistema skupaj s koncepti zagotavljanja varnega pridobivanja hrane.

Ključne besede: domače živali / kontrolni sistemi v prehrambni verigi / varnost hrane


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