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Publishing support

Publishing of the journal Agricultura is financially supported by Slovenian Research Agency.

Izdajanje revije Agricultura je finančno podprto s strani Javne agencije za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije.


Our Profile

The journal AGRICULTURA (A) publishes scientific works from the following fields: animal science, plant production, farm mechanisation, land management, agricultural economics, ecology, biotechnology, microbiology
ISSN 1581-5439
Darja Majkovič, Štefan Bojnec and Jernej Turk
pp. 1-9

Trade liberalization for new member states (NMS) of the European Union (EU), following the recent EU accession towards the East, tends to lead to an increase in trade flows among current EU-25 members. The trade creation effects induce the increased traded volume and the diversified trade types. These development patterns are revealed also in agricultural and food trade in NMS. Comparisons of the Slovenian agricultural and foodtrade with the similar trade for the other NMS are conducted with the emphasis on distinction between primary and processed agricultural and food products. On the basis of the analysis it has been found that the prevailing trade type is the inter-industry trade, which implies higher adjustment costs of displacement of resources across different industries. Intra-industry trade, which is often observed in trade among countries with similar factorendowments and smaller economic distances, represents only minor part of NMS-10 trade in agri-food products.Trade specialization, trade patterns, and trade geography in agri-food products imply some similarities with developing countries and countries with less competitive agricultural and food sector.

Key words: trade structures, agri-food trade, trade types, intra-industry trade


Slovenian:

Ključni dejavniki trga s kmetijskimi in prehranskimi proizvodi Slovenije in novih držav članic Evropske unije

Liberalizacija trga za države nove članice Evropske unije (EU), ki pristopajo v to evropsko združbo držav, je povzročila dvig v obsegu tržne menjave znotraj 25 članic EU. Učinki trga se kažejo v povečanem obsegu tržne izmenjave kot tudi večji stopnji diverzifikacije le-te. Ti razvojni trendi se odražajo tudi na trgu kmetijskih in agroživilskih proizvodov držav novih članic EU. Pri tem je bila v segmentu trga primarnih in predelanih kmetijskih produktov izdelana primerjava Slovenije in vseh preostalih držav novih članic EU. Ugotovljeno je bilo, da pri trgu agroživilskih proizvodov prevladuje t.i. 'inter-trade', ki s seboj prinaša višje stroške prilagoditve posameznim tipom proizvodnje. Na drugi strani t.i. 'intra-trade', ki je pogosto primer v državah s podobnimi oziroma primerljivimi proizvodnimi usmeritvami, v kontekstu zunanjetrgovinske izmenjave agroživilskih proizvodov ne predstavlja pomembnega dejavnika v 10 državah novih članicah EU. Tržna specializacija, vzorci načina delovanja trga in geografska oddaljenost v zunanji trgovini agroživilskih produktov izkazujejo določene stopnje primerljivosti z državami v razvoju in državami, ki imajo nekoliko slabše konkurenčen kmetijski in agroživilski sektor.

Ključne besede: tržne strukture / trg agroživilskih proizvodov / vrste trgov / značilnosti 'intra-industry' trga


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