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The journal AGRICULTURA (A) publishes scientific works from the following fields: animal science, plant production, farm mechanisation, land management, agricultural economics, ecology, biotechnology, microbiology
ISSN 1581-5439

Peter-Damian Chukwunomso JIWUBA, Francis Okechukwu AHAMEFULE, Okechukwu Samuel OKECHUKWU, Kingsley IKWUNZE

pp. 71-77


A 90-day study was carried out with 36 West African Dwarf goats to determine the effect of Moringa oleifera leaf meal (MOLM) on feed intake, body weight changes and haematology of WAD does. Four diets were formulated such that diets T1, T2, T3 and T4 contained MOLM at 0%, 5%, 10% and 15%, respectively. Te diets were offered to the goats, which were randomly divided into four groups of nine goats each in a completely randomized design. Average daily feed intake (ADFI), average daily weight gain (ADWG), feed conversion ratio (FCR) and haematology of the animals were determined and statistically analysed. Results showed that ADFI, ADWG differed significantly (P<0.05) with T4 goats having better values. FCR was however best for does fed T4 diet. PCV, RBC, MCV and WBC differed (P<0.05) significantly among the treatments. Packed cell volume (29.50-32.75%) was improved (p<0.05) by MOLM supplementation at 15% inclusion level. White blood cell counts for goats in treatment groups were significantly (p<0.05) higher and better than the control. Incorporation of 15% MOLM in diets of WAD does enhanced their performance and haematological profile. Moringa oleifera leaf meal supplementation level at 15% was recommended for optimum West African Dwarf goat production.

Key words: body weight changes, haematology, Moringa oleifera, leaf meal, west African dwarf goat, alternative feedstuff


Vnos krme, spremembe v telesni masi in hematološki profl zahodno afriških pritlikavih koz, krmljenih z različnimi količinami listov moringe (Moringa oleifera) v obroku

Cilj raziskave je bil ugotoviti vpliv dodajanja listov moringe (Moringa oleifera; MOL) v krmni obrok zahodnoafriških pritlikavih koz (n=36) na zauživanje krme, spremembe telesne mase in hematološki profil. V ta namen so bili pripravljeni štirje različni krmni obroki T1 (kontrola, brez MOL), T2 (5% MOL), T3 (10% MOL) in T4 (15% MOL). Pripravljena krma je bila uporabljena za 90-dnevno krmljenje koz, ki so bile naključno razdeljene v štiri poskusne skupine (9 živali na skupino). V raziskavi smo spremljali in statistično analizirali povprečni dnevni vnos krme (ADFI), povprečni dnevni prirast (ADWG), konverzijo krme (FCR) in hematološki profil živali. Rezultati so pokazali značilne razlike v ADFI, ADWG in FCR (p < 0,05), pri čemer so imele koze skupine T4 največje vrednosti, FCR pa je bil v skupini T4 najnižji. Hematološki parametri PCV (hematokrita), RBC (rdeča krvna telesca), MCV (srednji volumen eritrocita) in WBC (bela krvna telesca) so se prav tako značilno razlikovali med obravnavanji (p < 0,05). PCV oziroma hematokrita (29,50 - 32,75%) se je izboljšala (p < 0,05) pri 15% vključitvi MOL. Število levkocitov je bilo pri kozah, krmljenih z MOL, značilno višje in boljše (p < 0,05) kot v kontrolni skupini. Krmljenje s 15% MOL v obroku za koze je izboljšalo njihovo rastnost in hematološki profil. Rezultati kažejo, da je za optimalno proizvodnjo zahodno afriških pritlikavih koz priporočljivo v krmni obrok dodajati 15% moringinih listov.

Ključne besede: spremembe telesne mase, hematologija, Moringa oleifera, zelena krma, zahodnoafriška pritlikava koza, alternativni krmni dodatki


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