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Publishing of the journal Agricultura is financially supported by Slovenian Research Agency.

Izdajanje revije Agricultura je finančno podprto s strani Javne agencije za raziskovalno dejavnost Republike Slovenije.


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The journal AGRICULTURA (A) publishes scientific works from the following fields: animal science, plant production, farm mechanisation, land management, agricultural economics, ecology, biotechnology, microbiology
ISSN 1581-5439

Martin PAVLOVIČ, Jernej TURK and Viljem PAVLOVIČ
pp. 17-22

The aim of this paper is to give an overview of the EU hop industry structure, production characteristics and its economic position within the world beer industry. This article is based on authors’ research results, activities within the International Hop Growers’ Convention (IHGC) and a review of the literature available. The results demonstrate that the production structure in the hop industry sector varies greatly across EU countries. Furthermore, the structure is changing due to a market-driven structural adjustment aimed at being more competitive. The number of farms growing hops in the main hop-producing countries in the EU declined significantly during the 2000-2008 period. As a result, the average farm size increased in almost all EU member states. The rate of specialization of hops farms is generally increasing. Hop farmers are stepwise becoming entrepreneurs, trying to achieve a farm size that creates production more lucrative.

Key words: hop industry, beer markets, production structure, competitiveness


Slovenian:

Pregled stanja vpletenosti hmeljarske industrije v pivovarskem sektorju

Članek podaja pregled strukture in značilnosti pridelave hmelja v EU ter ekonomsko vlogo hmeljarstva v globalni proizvodnji piva. Rezultati temeljijo na projektnem raziskovalnem delu, aktivnostih v Mednarodni hmeljarski organizaciji (IHGC) in pregledu literature. V prispevku je izpostavljena proizvodna struktura hmeljarstva držav EU. Ta se zaradi prilagajanja tržnim razmeram hmeljarjev spreminja v smer večje gospodarske konkurenčnosti. V letih 2000-2008 se je število hmeljarskih posestev v pomembnejših deželah pridelovalkah signifikantno zmanjšalo. Posledično, pa se je v skoraj vseh državah EU povečala njihova površina s hmeljem. Stopnja specializacije na posestvih s hmeljem se je povečala. Hmeljarji postopno postajajo podjetniki, s težnjo po optimizaciji velikosti površin hmeljišč za bolj donosno pridelavo.

Ključne besede: hmeljarstvo / trgi piva / proizvodna struktura / konkurenčnost


CITATED REFERENCES :

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